Coal Industry in Russia before 1917 Revolution

Petrov I.M.
Moscow, Russian Federation
Russian Mining Industry №5 / 2019 p.28-32

Читать на русскоя языкеAbstract: The paper surveys the history of the Russian coal industry development at the end of the 19th Century and early in the 20th Century. Data on coal production is provided for the period between 1887 and 1917. It is noted that the production volumes were changing in the stepwise manner, i.e. periods of growth were followed by plateaus and even declines. Export and import patterns are described as well as the apparent consumption of coal in 1911-1917. The paper provides characteristics of the Donbas, Poland, Moscow, Kuzbas and Cheremkhovo coal basins. Activities of the ‘Produgol’ Syndicate are described during the coal famine period in Russia. A decline in coal production and reduction of import volumes during the coal famine resulted in increased consumption of other types of fuels, i.e. oil and firewood. The research presents the evolution of coal consumption by industrial plants and railways, which were the main areas of coal use.

Keywords: coal industry, Russia, coal, coal production, coal mining companies, fuel

For citation: Petrov I.M. Coal Industry in Russia before 1917 Revolution. Russian Mining Industry. 2019;(4):28–32. (In Russ.) DOI: 10.30686/1609-9192-2019-4-28-32.

Article info

Received: 27.05.2019
Reviewed: 19.07.2019, 12.08.2019
Accepted: 21.09.2019

Information about the author

Igor M. Petrov – Doctor of Engineering, Moscow, Russian Federation;
e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


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