On commercialization of waste rock dumpsand the role of drilling and blasting operations in this process

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30686/1609-9192-2021-1-110-113
S.N. Zharikov 
Institute of mining of the Ural branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Ekaterinburg, Russian Federation 
Russian Mining Industry №1 / 2021 р. 110-113

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Abstract: On the territory of the Russian Federation, exactly as in the rest of the world, huge amounts of mining waste have been accumulated. Most of them in open-pit mining are dumps of rock mass that occupy huge territories and have a significant negative impact on the earth's ecology. Most of the dumps are non-toxic and can be used for economic purposes where sand and stone are needed-in construction. However, the volumes are too large and only a small part can be used for the production of building materials. Another thing is if you need a large amount of rock for the construction of a long roadbed. There are other requirements for raw materials and the possibility of releasing large areas occupied by dumps. This direction has significant potential, because on the one hand, cheap construction raw materials, and on the other – a reduction in fees for the use of land (especially relevant for large mining and processing plants). The development of dumps as man-made deposits has its own risks and associated problems. However, it leads to the development of new technological solutions, which in turn opens up certain prospects for subsoil users. Currently, this direction is in its infancy, but the scale of the problem of storing dumps is already obvious. Therefore, despite the doubts, recycling of dumps is inevitable. It is also clear that this processing should be in huge volumes. And such volumes of use in the Russian Federation can only be achieved when building roads.

Keywords: rock dumps, drilling and blasting operations, man-made deposits, mining waste, development of dumps, methods of waste processing, road construction

For citation: Zharikov S.N. On commercialization of waste rock dumps and the role of drilling and blasting operations in this process. Gornaya promyshlennost = Russian Mining Industry. 2021;(1):110–113. (In Russ.) DOI: 10.30686/1609-9192-2021-1-110-113.

Article info

Received: 29.12.2020

Revised: 15.01.2021

Accepted: 20.01.2021

Information about the author

Sergey N. Zharikov – Ph. D., Head of the Rock Destruction Laboratory, Leading Researcher, Institute of mining of the Ural branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Ekaterinburg, Russian Federation; e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


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