A new approach to reducing the risk of large-scale man-induced earthquakes based on the results of microseismic monitoring

DOI: https://doi.org/10.30686/1609-9192-2023-S1-28-34
Читать на русскоя языкеBesedina A.N., Kocharyan G.G.
Sadovsky Institute of Geospheres Dynamics of Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russian Federation
Russian Mining Industry №1S / 2023 р. 28-34

Abstract: The proposed approach is based on the assumption, known from laboratory experiments, that the current frictional properties of the sliding surface are reflected both in the source parameters of the individual induced microseismic events and in the characteristics of seismoacoustic noise, the sources of which are localized in the fault zone. The technique is based on an estimate of the scaled seismic energy, which makes it possible to judge the probability of the realization of the elastic energy accumulated in the rock mass in the form of dynamic events. The article estimates the source parameters of seismic events induced by blasting using the example of data recorded at the Korobkovskoe iron ore deposit of the Kursk magnetic anomaly. On the basis of the results obtained, it is shown that a swarm of induced micro-earthquakes with a low rupture propagation velocity was registered at the KMA-ruda mine. The prospects of using machine learning methods to determine the time and magnitude of an impending dynamic event in real time based on the data of laboratory experiments with AE are shown. The results obtained can be used for short-term forecasting of large dynamic events in conditions of an operating mine. The analysis carried out showed that creation of new methods for monitoring stressed rock masses during mining operations seems to be a promising solution to prevent initiation of large earthquakes associated with dynamic displacement along the tectonic faults.

Keywords: mining, rock bursts, man-induced earthquakes, seismic monitoring, seismic energy, scalar seismic moment, rockburst hazard, machine learning

Acknowledgments: This research was financially supported by the Russian Science Foundation project No.22-17-00204 (Kocharyan G.G.) and State Assignment No.122032900172-5 (Besedina A.N.).

For citation: Besedina A.N., Kocharyan G.G. A new approach to reducing the risk of large-scale man-induced earthquakes based on the results of microseismic monitoring. Russian Mining Industry. 2023;(1 Suppl.):28–34. https://doi.org/10.30686/1609-9192-2023-S1-28-34

Article info

Received: 27.01.2023

Revised: 20.02.2023

Accepted: 21.02.2023

Information about the authors

Alina N. Besedina – Cand. Sci. (Phys. and Math.), Senior Researcher, Sadovsky Institute of Geospheres Dynamics of Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russian Federation

Gevorg G. Kocharyan – Dr. Sci. (Phys. and Math.), Professor, Deputy Director for Science, Sadovsky Institute of Geospheres Dynamics of Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russian Federation; e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


1. Adushkin V.V., Turuntaev S.B. Technogenic seismicity – induced and triggered. Moscow: Institute of Geosphere Dynamics RAS, 2015, 364 p. (In Russ.)

2. Foulger G.R., Wilson M.P., Gluyas J.G., Julian B.R., Davies R.J. Global review of human-induced earthquakes. Earth-Science Reviews. 2018;178:438–514. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.earscirev.2017.07.008

3. Kozyrev A.A., Kasparyan E.V., Fedotova Iu.V. Monitoring of mining-induced seismicity in the Khibiny rock massif. In: Rock Dynamics – Experiments, Theories and Applications. Proceedings of the 3rd International Confrence on Rock Dynamics and Applications (RocDyn-3), June 26–27, 2018, Trondheim, Norway. London: CRC Press; 2018, pp. 469–474.

4. Adushkin V.V. Tectonic earthquakes of anthropogenic origin. Izvestiya, Physics of the Solid Earth. 2016;52(2):173–194. https://doi.org/10.1134/S1069351316020014

5. Heesakkers V., Murphy S., Reches Z. Earthquake rupture at focal depth, part I: structure and rupture of the Pretorius fault, TauTona Mine, South Africa. Pure and Applied Geophysics. 2011;168(12):2395–2425. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00024-011-0354-7

6. Sainoki A., Mitri H.S. Dynamic behaviour of mining-induced fault slip. International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences. 2014;66:19-29. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijrmms.2013.12.003

7. Bai J., Dou L., Li J., Zhou K., Cao J., Kan J. Mechanism of Coal Burst Triggered by Mining-Induced Fault Slip Under High-Stress Conditions: A Case Study. Frontiers of Earth Science. 2022;10:884974. https://doi.org/10.3389/feart.2022.884974

8. Kremenetskaya E.O., Triapitsin V.M. Induced seismicity in the Khibiny massif (Kola Peninsula). Pure and Applied Geophysics. 1995;145(1):29–37. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00879481

9. Kocharyan G., Qi C., Kishkina S., Kulikov V. Potential triggers for large earthquakes in open pit mines: a case study from Kuzbass, Siberia. Deep Underground Science and Engineering. 2022;1(2):101–115. https://doi.org/10.1002/dug2.12028

10. Korchak P.A., Zhukova S.A., Menshikov P.Yu. Seismic monitoring build-up and development in the production activity zone of Apatit JSC. Gornyi Zhurnal. 2014;(10):42–46. (In Russ.) Available at: https://rudmet.ru/journal/1354/article/23221/

11. Kozyrev A.A., Onuprienko V S., Zhukova S.A., Zhuravleva O.G. Induced seismicity of rock mass: development of instrumental and methodological support to control seismicity at the Khibiny apatite-nepheline deposits. Gornyi Zhurnal. 2020;(9):19–26. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.17580/gzh.2020.09.02

12. Kocharyan G.G. Origin and development of sliding processes in the continental fault zones under the action of natural and man-made factors: a state-of-the-art review. Fizika Zemli. 2021;(4):3–41. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.31857/S0002333721040062

13. Kozyrev A.A., Semenova I.E., Zhukova S.A., Zhuravleva O.G. Factors of seismic behavior change and localization of hazardous zones under a large-scale mining-induced impact. Russian Mining Industry. 2022;(6):95–102. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.30686/1609-9192-2022-6-95-102

14. Kozyrev A.A., Batugin A.S., Zhukova S.A. Influence of water content on seismic activity of rocks mass in apatite mining in Khibiny. Gornyi Zhurnal. 2021;(1):31–36. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.17580/gzh.2021.01.06

15. Scholz C.H. Earthquakes and friction laws. Nature. 1998;391:37–42. https://doi.org/10.1038/34097

16. Kocharyan G.G. Geomechanics of faults. Moscow: GEOS; 2016. 424 p. (In Russ.)

17. Besedina A.N., Kishkina S.B., Kocharyan G.G. Source parameters of microseismic swarm events induced by the explosion at the Korobkovo iron ore deposit. Fizika Zemli. 2021;(3):63–81. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.31857/S0002333721030030

18. Grigoriev A.M. Geomechanical substantiation of underground mining of KMA iron ore deposits under flooded rock mass: Dis. … Cand. Sci. (Eng.). Belgorod; 2008. 148 p. (In Russ.)

19. Keilis-Borok V.I. Investigation of the mechanism of earthquakes. Moscow: Academy of Sciences of the USSR; 1957. 148 p. (In Russ.)

20. Gibowicz S., Kijko A. An Introduction to Mining Seismology. International Geophysics; 1994. 399 p.

21. Brune J. Tectonic stress and the spectra of seismic shear waves from earthquakes. Journal of Geophysical Research. 1970;75(26):4997– 5009. https://doi.org/10.1029/JB075i026p04997

22. Madariaga R. Dynamics of an expanding circular fault. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America. 1976;66(3):639–666. https://doi.org/10.1785/BSSA0660030639

23. Gibowicz S., Harjes H.-P., Schäfer M. Source parameters of seismic events at Heinrich Robert mine, Ruhr Basin, Federal Republic of Germany: Evidence for non-double-couple events. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America. 1990;80(1):88–109. https://doi.org/10.1785/BSSA0800010088

24. Ostapchuk A.A., Kocharyan G.G., Morozova K.G., Pavlov D.V., Gridin G.A. Peculiarities of dynamic slip nucleation in a thin granular layer. Izvestiya, Physics of the Solid Earth. 2021;57(5):659–670. https://doi.org/10.1134/S106935132105013X