Impact of static loading from mining equipment on the bench stability in hard rocks

Читать на русскоя языкеA.S. Kalyuzhny
Mining Institute Kola Science Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Apatity, Russian Federation
Russian Mining Industry №3 / 2023 р. 116-121

Abstract: Most of the enterprises applying open-pit mining method at deposits face challenges of pit wall steepening when approaching the pit wall to the final position or reducing productivity. The main task when increasing the angle of pit slope is to determine its stability. One of the ways to steepen the open-pit wall is to increase the slope angle of benches composing the open-pit wall. The bench stability is primarily determined by its physical properties and structural uncertainty. The higher the strength properties of rocks, the steeper the slope angle formed in these rocks can be. The "Rules of stability..." provide for the possible accounting the loads from mining equipment when assessing the stability, but this possibility is provided for the calculation of bench stability of open-pits and cuts, formed by semi-hard and dispersed rocks, dumps formed from clay or semi-hard rocks and (or) from a mixture of clay and hard rocks. At the same time, it is of interest to assess the impact of static loading from the located mining transport equipment in a stationary state on the stability of the benches located in hard rocks. It is shown that the load from the track dozer scraping the berms has an impact of no more than 6-7% for a distance of about 15 m from the top crest of a 30-meter long bench with a slope angle of 80° to the edge of the track, which is generally insignificant for maintaining bench stability. The minimum value of the safety factor of the bench with the load from the BELAZ-75306 mining dump truck is at a distance of 8 to 10 m from the top crest to the edge of the wheel. That is, at this distance the mining dump truck has the maximum impact. At 30 m distance from the bench’s top crest, mining dump truck has no impact on the bench stability. The maximum impact of the dump truck on the stability is 22 to 25%.

Keywords: open pit, open pit wall, slope, bench, stability assessment, safety factor, weakening surface, Morgenstern-Price, SVSlope

For citation: Kalyuzhny A.S. Impact of static loading from mining equipment on the bench stability in hard rocks. Russian Mining Industry. 2023;(3):116–121.

Article info

Received: 11.04.2023

Revised: 05.05.2023

Accepted: 14.05.2023

Information about the authors

Anton S. Kalyuzhny – Research Associate, Department of Geomechanics, Mining Institute of the Kola Science Centre of the Russian Academy of Science; Apatity, Russian Federation; e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


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